The project is designed to address inadequate water problem in rural community of Sutukonding village, Upper River Region at Wuli West District. There is an existing borehole (water system) shared by the two communities but it does not supply the required quantity of water for the communities because the population is increasing exponentially and the village is also expanding gradually. Therefore, the water and sanitation expansion project is necessary to meet the water need of the community as the demand for water in this community is very high while the water supply is limited which has resulted to inadequacy of water supply to the population.
SDA anticipated water expansion project
Inadequate safe drinking water and sanitation is the world’s single largest cause of illness such as water burned deceases, diarrhoea, etc. In 2002, 42 per cent of households had no toilets, and one in six people had no access to safe water.
The toll on children is especially high in development countries. About 4,500 children die each day from unsafe water and lack of basic sanitation facilities. Countless others suffer from poor health, diminished productivity and missed opportunities for education. The young and the old are particularly vulnerable. Over 90 per cent of deaths from diarrhea diseases due to unsafe water and sanitation in the developing world occur in children below 5 years old. A child born in Europe or the United States is 520 times less likely to die from diarrhoea disease than an infant in sub-Saharan Africa, where only 36 per cent of the population can access hygienic sanitation (UNICEF).
In 2002, only 37 per cent of rural inhabitants had access to basic toilets, against 81 per cent of urban dwellers in least developed countries (UN Habitat). The disparities were greatest in Latin America and the Caribbean with a difference of 40 percent between rural and urban populations.
Women and girls are the “water haulers” of the world. On average, women and girls in developing countries walk 6 kilometers a day, carrying 20 litres of water, greatly reducing the time they have for other productive work or for girls to attend school.
Improving household drinking water can reduce diarrhoea episodes for about 39 per cent; on average, improvements to household sanitation facilities can reduce sickness from diarrhea in many grounds. Almost half of 2 million deaths from diarrhea each year could be prevented through an understanding of basic hygiene.
The world is on track to meet the Millennium Development Goal on water but not sanitation. With the exception of sub-Saharan Africa, all regions should meet their water targets. Under current rates of progress, the world will miss the sanitation target by more than half a billion people. Poor sanitation, water and hygiene have many other serious repercussions. Children and girls are denied their right to education because their schools lack private and decent sanitation facilities. Women are forced to spend large parts of their day fetching water. Poor farmers and wage earners are less productive due to illness, health systems are overwhelmed and national economies suffer. Without WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene), sustainable development is impossible (Source; UNICEF).
30,000 children die each day from contaminated water in developing countries.
The justification of this proposal is that this community are suffering from inadequate safe drinking water since 2001 when some people stole the solar panels which have reduced its water pumping capacity to fill the tank. As a result, the water is never sufficient for the community. Also, the expansion of the community put pressure on the borehole which has resulted to scarcity of pipe borne water.
The project will focus on building the capacity of the water committee by providing them with the technical and managerial skills necessary to manage the water project. Management training will cover such issues as managing and raising funds for repairs and how to re-elect new members when old members leave the committee, conflict resolution, etc.
Furthermore, the sanitation campaigns will continue to promote improved sanitation and hygiene after the project ends as they will be equipped with the necessary skills. In these villages, two caretakers (one from each village) will be trained on how to maintain the borehole as well as making minor repairs. They will receive the necessary tools and spare parts needed for basic maintenance and repairs. It is envisaged that these activities will increase sustainability of intervention.
The expected results are:
The target groups will be children and women who currently travel long distances to fetch water when the existing one ran out of water. The targeted beneficiaries of this project are people living in rural community of Sutukonding village in Wuli West District. The direct beneficiaries will be 15, 000 people of the community at poor grassroots in Upper River Region.
The community members will contribute labour during drilling of borehole and provide food and shelter for labourers. Community members will raise financial resources as their contribution for this life saving project, hence standing on their words that “Water is life”.
The project after donor funds ended will be under the ownership of the community who will be responsible for maintaining the bore hole. The water committee set will collect revenue from water user for maintenance and repair. The village trained mechanics / technicians will be responsible for minor repair and services of borehole. The communities through their VDCs and local government council will set funding for sustaining the project.